Binomial Name(s): Abrus precatorius
Species: A. precatorius
Popular Name(s): Jequerity, Crab’s Eye, Precatory Bean, Tento Muido, Cain Ghe, Graines Reglisse, Weesboontje, Rakat, Hint Meyankoku, Hung Tou, Jequerit, Liane Reglisse, Ma Liao Tou, Paratella, Paternoster
Parts Used: Seeds, leaves
Habitat: Throughout Central India
Rosary Pea is a twining herb, with long, pinnate-leafleted feathery leaves. Its flowers are rose to purple in color, growing at the end of a stalk. On the other hand, fruits are short pods, containing hard, shiny, scarlet and black seeds. The herb is also identified as Gunja in Sanskrit and some Indian languages. Native to Indonesia, the plant is mostly found in the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. If proper care is not taken while growing it, the plant might becomes weedy and invasive in the areas where it has been introduced.
Types of Abrus:
(+)-abrine, Abraline, Abrasine, Abricin, Abrin, Abrisin, Abrusgenic-acid, Abrusgenic-acid-methyl-ester, Abruslactone, Abrussic-acid, Anthocyanins, Ash, Calcium, Campesterol, Choline, Cycloartenol, Delphinidin, Gallic-acid,, Glycyrrhizin, Hypaphorine, N,n-dimethyl-tryptophan, N,n-dimethyl-tryptophan-metho-cation-methyl-ester, P-coumaroylgalloyl-glucodelphinidin, Phosphorus, Pectin, Pentosans, Picatorine, Polygalacturonic-acids, Precasine, Precatorine, Protein Trigonelline
Uses & Benefits of Rosary Pea
- Rosary pea roots are used for treating gonorrhea, jaundice and haemoglobinuric bile.
- The oil extracted from seeds of the herb is said to promote the growth of human hair.
- The herb is also used as an abortifacient, laxative, sedative and aphrodisiac.
- The leaves of Rosary pea are used to make tea, which is known to be useful in treating fevers, coughs and colds.
- The white seeds of the herb are used in the Siddha medicine, to make oil that is regarded as an equivalent of the present-day Viagra.
- The seeds of Rosary pea have anodyne, antimicrobial, diuretic, emetic, expectorant, febrifuge, hemostat, purgative, and refrigerant properties.
- The seeds, after being converted to vermifuge paste, can be applied topically, in case of sciatica, stiffness of shoulder joints and paralysis.
- In some traditional medicines, the herb is used to treat scratches, sores and wounds caused by dogs, cats and mice.
- The paste of its roots is often used in the treatment of abdominal pains and tumors.
- The juice derived from the paste of the leaves and seeds of rosary pea can be used to treat grey hair.
Dr. Natkaruni – Indian Medicinal Plants
Pathartha guna vilakam